Sanyuan: Guiding Light for Beijing’s Daily Industry? 每個北京人都想知道:三元的奶靠譜嗎?

(Reported on the program ‘Touch Beijing’ on Radio Beijing International, 16/06/2017)

距離2008年中國奶製品污染事件已經過去快10年了,從人們最初的談奶色變,到之後瘋狂地依賴進口奶粉,在這樣的背景下,重塑國人對於中國乳業的信心顯得尤為重要。

對於很多北京人來說,每個清晨都是從一杯三元牛奶開始新一天的生活。三元食品是首農集團旗下的上市公司,其前身是成立於1956年的北京市牛奶總站,歷經60餘年的發展,陪伴幾代北京人成長,已經成為首都人民心中的“城市名片”。

第二屆首都國企開放日活動在京舉行,一百多家企業的132條參觀線路向公眾開放,向人們展示首都國企的新形象和新氣質。北京外語廣播記者劉智嘉和香港實習記者楊紫卿走進了被譽為首都市民的“奶瓶子”的北京三元食品股份有限公司,見證一杯牛奶的誕生。

Next year marks the 10th year since the Chinese milk scandal in 2008. Ever since the incident, people have been paying more attention to the food safety, especially when it comes to milk. Against all odds, Beijing Sanyuan Foods Company Limited opened their industrial park for visit last weekend, showcasing their high-tech and automated equipment. Let our reporter Chloe Liu and intern reporter Richelia Yeung take us through the journey of how this company is gaining the trust of Beijing citizens towards domestic dairy products.

第二屆首都國企開放日的當天,一百多名首都市民來到了位於大興瀛海工業區內的三元食品工業園參觀,其中有不少帶著孩子的家長。

As one of the corporations participating in the second ‘Capital State-owned Enterprise Open Day’, Sanyuan opened their headquarters to the public last Saturday. Many families were attracted to visit the Sanyuan Industrial Park in the Daxing District, hoping to get a glimpse of how this Beijing-based company manufactures their milk products.

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Originally named ‘Beijing Dairy Terminal’, the company was established in 1956. Over the years, it has developed into one of China’s leading dairy producers, offering a wide range of products, such as packaged and fresh milk, cheese, milk powder and other milk-based drinks.

沿著一條740米的環形參觀走廊,參觀者對三元牛奶的生產一線有了最真切而直觀的認識。三元牛奶生產線的起點就是收奶罐車的停車場,這裡可以看見一輛輛車體擦得鋥亮的收奶罐車。收奶區域有六條收奶通道,可以同時容納12輛收奶車收奶,總收奶能力能達到每小時160噸。

管道將罐車和生產線無縫連接在一起,將產自三元自有現代牧場的鮮奶引入實驗室檢驗和生產車間。從牧場的擠奶員給奶牛戴上吸奶器,到消費者打開產品包裝前的全過程,三元牛奶始終處於低溫及與外界隔絶的狀態。

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Sanyuan constructed the Capital Milk Museum inside their headquarters in 2012, covering a total area of 1600 square meters. It is also the only milk museum in Beijing. By walking through their 740 meters long viewing corridors, visitors not only can know more about the evolution of the dairy industry in Beijing, they also get to see the high-tech production lines of various dairy products right before their eyes.

Looking through the glass on both sides of the corridor, many stainless steel pipes can be seen processing the milk products. It aims to keep the milk at a low temperature and separate the products from external pollution for hygienic purposes.

繼續前進,我們來到了科普體驗館。孩子們歡快地四散開去,有的蹲在奶牛模型下體驗擠奶,有的好奇地研究像迷宮一樣的巴氏殺菌管線。

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三元有很多自有現代牧場,最大的牧場奶牛存欄超過了兩萬多頭,而最小的牧場也必須超過兩千頭。像這種集約化規模化牧場,單單就擠奶這一道工藝就分為了7個步驟,為的是擠出來的牛奶儘可能的乾淨新鮮。

沿著環形走廊繼續前進,我們來到了生產車間,車間乾淨敞亮,自動化程度非常高。

其中三元自主研發的機器人操作的場景讓參觀者們興趣盎然。

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此外,三元還引進了德國MES(邁斯)信息系統,同時通過自主開發的軟件,建立起全程控制體系,實現了三元產品全產業鏈的質量管控與信息可追溯。

北京三元食品股份有限公司現在是以奶業為主,兼營麥當勞快餐的中外合資股份制企業。所以在產品流水線上,人們也看到了像面口袋一樣大小包裝的奶漿,它們將被送往全國幾百家麥當勞作為製作奶昔和蛋筒冰淇淋的食品原料。

The boards in the exhibition halls constantly remind visitors that the quality of products will always be Sanyuan’s first priority: Apart from introducing the German Manufacturing Execution System (MES) to create a quality-tracing platform, they have also developed their own food safety and quality tracking system.

The tour guide said they have an extra method to make sure their products are up to standards.

“We have milk-tasting sessions for at least three times during the manufacturing process before it is being sold and delivered to our consumers,” she said.

Instead of manpower, they use automated equipment in the workshop in order to improve their production efficiency. Only a few workers were seen during the one and a half hour tour, most of them were in the control rooms operating the quality-controlling devices.

參觀完之後,市民們也品嚐了最新鮮生產的乳製品,他們表示此次活動不僅學到了豐富的牛奶知識,也增強了對國產乳品品質的信心。

參觀者1:比我想像的要好多了,生產的自動化程度非常高,而且工藝非常嚴謹,打消了很多原來的顧慮。

參觀者2:以前沒有這麼深入的瞭解,給孩子喝什麼樣的奶也沒研究過,各種奶瞎喝,現在知道了,就喝低溫殺菌的那種。

參觀者3:確實更放心了,它的標準竟然高於歐盟的標準。比如生乳中體細胞的含量,歐盟是每毫升低於40萬個,而三元是低於30萬個。(細菌總數三元和歐盟一樣都是每毫升低於10萬個)

Many visitors expressed their satisfaction after the tour. Apart from having better milk knowledge, they said the modern automated equipment and strict standards of the production process have really dispelled their doubts for domestic dairy products.

“After hearing dairy products of Sanyuan not only reached but also exceeded the food safety standard of the European Union, I feel more relieved to purchase their products knowing that they are safe to consume,” said one of the visitors.

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三元食品市場部的工作人員楊希說,“就像我們總經理介紹的一樣,企業和消費者之間需要一座橋樑,那就是科普。”三元以後還將加大對公眾開放的力度,同時舉辦更多像全國牛奶知識競賽等公益科普活動,用實際行動提高公眾對乳製品科學飲食的認知。

Yang Xi, the spokesperson of Sanyuan, said the Open Day provided an opportunity for consumers to have a better understanding of domestic enterprises. The company plans to increase their cooperation with the media for further promotions.

“There’s a gap between corporate enterprises and the community, and science communication is the bridge linking the two together. That’s how we hope to raise people’s awareness towards the nutrition of dairy products in the future,” Yang said.

(北京外語廣播記者劉智嘉和香港實習記者楊紫卿報導)

(Reported by Radio Beijing International Reporter Chloe Liu and Intern Reporter Richelia Yeung/ Article and Photography by Richelia Yeung)

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